All the 32 accused acquitted in the Babri Masjid shape had been unexpectedly demolished; Everything you want to recognize about this case
20 minutes ago The disputed structure of the Babri Masjid was demolished in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992. Special CBI Court verdict came on 30 September 2020 after nearly 28 years …
20 minutes ago
- The disputed structure of the Babri Masjid was demolished in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992.
- Special CBI Court verdict came on 30 September 2020 after nearly 28 years
The decision has come nearly 28 years after the disputed Babri Masjid structure was demolished in Ayodhya. All the 32 accused in the case of demolition of the structure have been acquitted by the CBI special court in Lucknow. It also said that the demolition of the Babri structure was not a conspiracy nor was any leader instigated the kar sevaks to do so. Former Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani, former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh, veteran BJP leaders Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti, Vinay Katiyar and Sakshi Maharaj were also accused in this case along with several leaders of Vishwa Hindu Parishad.
Hearing of the case, in Ayodhya Case Courtroom No. 18 in the old High Court building of Lucknow, the turtle had been playing for the last 28 years. The Supreme Court ordered on 19 April 2017 that the case be heard on a day-to-day basis and the judge hearing the case will not be transferred. Then the decision of the case came on 30 September 2020.
The Supreme Court heard the verdict in favor of Ram Janmabhoomi, now what is the matter?
- On 6 December 1992, the disputed structure of the Babri Masjid was demolished by a mob for the Ram Mandir movement. It is clear from the Supreme Court’s decision last year that this disputed structure was built on the birthplace of Lord Shri Ram. Riots erupted across the country after the structure collapsed. According to government figures, more than 1,800 people were killed in these riots.
- The Supreme Court ruled in November 2019 was about the ownership of the land. In it, the court ruled in favor of the Ram Janmabhoomi temple. On 5 August, Prime Minister Narendra Modi performed the Bhoomipujan of the Ram Janmabhoomi temple. This criminal case is completely different from that.
What is this case and what is the FIR registered?
- On 6 December 1992, two FIRs were registered by the police after the disputed structure broke. First FIR-number 197/92, against millions of unknown kar sevaks. These kar sevaks had allegedly disputed the disputed structure with hammers and spades.
- The second FIR – number 198/92 was against eight people. Advani, Joshi, Uma Bharti and Vinay Katiyar were from BJP. At the same time, VHP had Ashok Sinhal, Giriraj Kishore, Vishnu Hari Dalmia and Sadhvi Ritambhara. Among them, Dalmia, Kishore and Sinhala have died. 47 more FIRs were registered which were linked to attacks on journalists after the demolition of the Babri structure. A total of 32 people are accused in the case.
- There was a dispute over the distribution of these cases. The FIR lodged against Karsevaks went to the CBI for the 197/92 investigation, while the FIR was submitted to the CID for the 198/92 investigation. On 27 August 1993, the UP government gave all the cases related to this case to the CBI.
When was the charge of criminal conspiracy related?
- The CBI filed the first charge sheet on 5 October 1993. In this, 40 people were accused. These included 8 BJP-VHP leaders. After a two-year investigation, on 10 January 1996, the CBI filed a supplementary charge sheet. It was alleged that there was a planned conspiracy to demolish Babri Masjid.
- CBI added 9 more people to the FIR. Accused of criminal conspiracy i.e. Section 120 (B) of IPC against him. These included Shiv Sena leaders Bal Thackeray and Moreshwar Sawe. In 1997, the Lucknow magistrate ordered framing of charges against all 48 accused. However, 34 accused filed a petition against the framing of charges in the Allahabad High Court and the process was stayed.
Where is the delay in hearing in this case?
- In this case nothing happened for four years. The paper did not move due to the stay order of the High Court. On 12 February 2001, the Allahabad High Court ordered the removal of the section of criminal conspiracy against Advani, Joshi, Uma, Kalyan Singh and others.
- Within three months, on May 4, 2001, the Special Court of Lucknow filed FIR 197/92 and 198/92 for separate hearings. It also said that Rae Bareli will be heard in court against 21 accused. At the same time, the hearing against 27 accused will be held in Lucknow.
- The CBI then moved the Allahabad High Court seeking a review of the order to drop the charges of criminal conspiracy. However, this petition was dismissed. On 16 June, the CBI wrote a letter to the UP government asking it to issue a notification to resume the trial.
- In July 2003, the CBI withdrew the charge of criminal conspiracy against Advani and filed a fresh charge sheet in the Rae Bareli court. But, in July 2005, the High Court framed the charge of ‘spreading hatred’ against Advani. Till 2010, both the cases continued in different courts.
- In 2011, the CBI finally reached the Supreme Court and it was decided that the hearing of Rae Bareli be also transferred to Lucknow. For the next seven years, review petitions continued to be filed in the courts regarding the framing of charges. On 19 April 2017, Advani and other accused were again charged with criminal conspiracy.
- The Supreme Court, while terming the order of the High Court as flawed, also pulled up the CBI about why that order was not challenged earlier. Technically, the trial started in 2010 itself. The hearing on the stage of framing of the charges was stuck as most of the accused were in the High Court.
What was the evidence against the accused in this case?
- There were 30-40 thousand witnesses in the case related to the demolition of the Babri structure. Oral testimony was important in the trial. The oral evidence took the statements of the witnesses to the police. The CBI listed 1,026 witnesses during the investigation. It consisted mostly of policemen and journalists.
- There are verbal allegations against eight BJP and VHP leaders to prove criminal conspiracy charges. Because of this, the CBI made additional efforts so that more witnesses could be collected. Since 2010, several CBI teams have toured across the country and summoned people to appear in court. Some have even been traced to England and Myanmar. Out of thousands, only 351 witnesses could reach the court to give a statement.
- Oral evidence includes speeches made by these leaders. Especially for the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya in 1990 when LK Advani started the rath yatra, the statements made during that time were considered as evidence. It states that the idea of demolishing the structure came into being only in the 1990s, which suggests that it was a conspiracy.
- Documentary evidence will also play an important role. It contains news reports of the incident. As well as photographs and videos taken on 6 December 1992. Various channels have handed over 100 U-matic video cassettes, which were run on 27-inch Sony TVs and two VCRs.